Jurnal Akuntansi & Keuangan : Pengaruh Pengumuman Dividen Terhadap Perubahan Harga Saham

Diposkan oleh Denny Bagus

ABSTRACT
This research is aimed to examine the influence of ex-dividend date on stock price movements in the Jakarta Stock Exchange. A 30-days of observation, divided into a 15-days period before and a 15-days period after the ex-dividend date, is analized by using an event study method applying the Paired Sample T-test.The result shows that the average price of stocks before the ex-dividend date are significantly different with those after the ex-dividend date. It indicates that there is a significant movement in the stocks’ prices between the both periods of observation due to dividend announcement. Far more than that, the research also reveals that the amount of the stocks’ price alteration is statistically the same as the amount of their dividend per share.
Keywords: dividend, ex-dividend date, stock price.

ABSTRAK
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh ex-dividen date terhadap perubahan harga saham di Bursa Efek Jakarta. Periode penelitian selama 30 hari, yaitu 15 hari sebelum dan 15 hari sesudah ex-dividend date yang dianalisa dengan menggunakan metode event study melalui aplikasi uji beda dua rata-rata berpasangan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa nilai rata-rata harga saham sebelum ex-dividend date dan nilai rata-rata harga saham sesudah ex-dividend date secara statistik berbeda signifikan. Hal ini mengindikasikan, bahwa terjadi pergerakan harga saham yang signifikan selama antara dua periode observasi tersebut akibat pengumuman pembagian dividen. Lebih lanjut, besarnya perubahan harga saham tersebut secara statistik tidak berbeda dengan nilai dividen perlembar saham yang dibagikan.
Kata kunci: dividen, ex-dividend date, harga saham.
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